Tungsten was discovered in the late 1700's and was known back then as wolfram. After a bit of work and some very tedious experiments for several years scientists concluded that this new substance could be used to make a new metal. In 1783 two brothers, Jose and Fausto Elhuyar found an acid in wolframite that was similar to the one found in tungstic acid and were thus able to isolate the tungsten by reducing the acid in it with charcoal. The brothers are recognized as the ones who discovered the element of tungsten.
During the Second World War, tungsten was very important. Portugal had a lot of wolframite ores that were used to make tungsten. Due to these ores Portugal had pressure put on it from both sides of fighting. These ores were beneficial in making tungsten for materials used for weapons.